Publications & Presentations

Refereed Publications


  Knowledge Works – Managing Intellectual Capital at Toshiba . Oxford University Press, 1997. Spanish language edition, 2001

  The Japanese Enterprise System – Competitive Strategies and Cooperative Structures. OUP, 1992.   Paperback edition, 1994.

  Kikkoman – Company, Clan, and Community. Harvard University Press, 1983.


Edited Books

  Remade in America – Transplanting and Transforming Japanese Production Systems.

Oxford University Press, 1999, with Jeffrey Liker and Paul Adler. Japanese language edition, 2005.
  Networks, Markets, and the Pacific Rim – Studies in Strategy .   Oxford University Press,    1998.
  Civilization and Modern Economic Organization in Japan. Senri: National Museum of      Ethnology, 1990.
  Chapters in Books & Conference Proceedings (*in Japanese)
  “Environmental Sustainability and Economic Development: Valuing Intellectual Property, Making Markets, and Transferring Energy Efficient Manufacturing Technologies from Japan to China,” The 3rd International Conference on Business & Technology Transfer (ICBTT 2006), No. 06-206, ISSN-1347-8834.
  “Democratization and Industrialization” from Kikkoman: Company, Clan, and Community (1983), Chapter 8, reprinted in Entrepreneurship and Global Capitalism, Geoffrey Jones and Daniel Wadhwani, eds., Camberley: Edward Elgard, 2007.
  “Business Groups and Interfirm Networks,” chapter in The Oxford Handbook of Business History , Geoff Jones and Jonathan Zeitlin, eds., Oxford University Press, 2008.
  “Technology Transfer When Management and Organization Matter,” First International Conference on Business & Technology Transfer, 2002, Tokyo: Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1-11.
  “Remade in America: Transplantation or Transformation?” introduction to Remade in America , with Jeffrey Liker and Paul Adler, Oxford University Press, 1999.
  “Recontextualization and Factory-to-Factory Knowledge Transfer from Japan to the U.S.: The Case of NSK,” with Jeffrey Liker and M.Y. Brannen in Remade in America , OUP, 1999.
  “Site-specific Organizational Learning and International Technology Transfer,” in Remade in America , OUP, 1999.
  “Analyzing Pacific Rim Networks and Markets: An Introduction,” in Networks, Markets, and the Pacific Rim , OUP, 1998.
  “Governance, Managed Competition, and Network Organization at a Toshiba Factory,” in Networks, Markets, and the Pacific Rim , OUP, 1998.
  “Manufacturing Knowledge in Japan: Organizational Campaigning & the Time Value of Know- ledge,” inCognition, Knowledge & Organization, R. Garud & J. Porac. eds., JAI Press, 1998.
  “Production Management in Internationalen Wettbewerb,” Conference Proceedings, Garmisch, Germany, Sept. 21-22, 1998.
  “Learning to Work Together: Adaptation and the Japanese Firm,” Masahiro Shimotani and Takao Shiga, eds.,Beyond the Firm, Oxford University Press, 1997.
  “Learning from Asia: Adaptive System Strategies and their Global Implications,” in Design for the Next Millennium, Eleanor Laquain, ed., University of British Columbia, 1996.
  “Competing in the Old Fashioned Way: Localizing and Integrating Knowledge Resources in Fast-to-Market Competition,” in J. Liker, J. Ettlie, and J. Campbell, eds., Engineered in Japan (winner 1995 Shingo Award), OUP, 1995.
  “Cultural Relativity and the Study of Japanese Management,” in Learning from Japan: Improving Knowledge of Japanese Technology Management Practices , National Research Council, Washington, D. C., 1994.

  “NAFTA and Japanese Investment,” with David Edgington in Foreign Investment and North American Free Trade, Alan Rugman, ed., Univ. of South Carolina Press, 1994.

“Supplying the Toyota Production System: Intercorporate Organizational Evolution and Supplier Subsystems,” with Toshihiro Nishiguchi in Country Competitiveness, Bruce Kogut, ed., Oxford University Press, 1993.


*”Kyodo Soshiki to Kyoso Senryaku – Nihon Kigyo no Honshitsu (Cooperative Structures and Competitive Strategies – The Essence of Japanese Enterprise)”, in Sekai no Naka no Nihonjin (The Japanese in Today`s World), Kansai University Symposium, Kansai Kozaido, 1990.


“Instead of Management: Internal Contracting and the Genesis of Modern Labor Relations in Japan,” inJapanese Management in Historical Perspective, Tsunehiko Yui, ed., University of Tokyo Press, 1989.


*”Joho Shakai no Naka no Shakai Kozo (The Structure of Society in the Information Age)”, in R. Shoichi, I. Nakatani, K. Ueda, and Y. Ono, eds., Osaka University, Institute for Economic Research, Annual Yearbook, April 1985.


“The Taste of Success: Democratization and Internationalization of Kikkoman,” in H. Mannari and H. Befu, eds., The Challenge of Japan`s Internationalization, Tokyo: Kodansha Internl, 1983.

Pending Journal Articles

Academy of Management Journal, Chunlei Wang, Simon Rodan, W. Mark Fruin, and Xiaoyan Xu, "Collaboration Networks, Knowledge Networks, and Exploratory Innovation in Firms,"tentative acceptance, Spring 2013.

Journal Articles: Special Issue

The Journal of Asia Business Studies, guest editors, W. Mark Fruin & Rafiq Dossani,"Introduction: the future of industry and innovation in Asia: networks, institutions and corporate governance,"6-2, 2012, 119-121.

W. Mark Fruin and Masao Nakamura,"Twentieth century models for the twenty-first century: models of fast growing firms and industries in the twentieth century for fast growing firms and industries in the twenty-first century, Journal of Asia Business Studies, 6-2, 2012, 160-175.

Masao Nakamura and W. Mark Fruin, “Implications of the Japan model of corporate governance and management for China and other emerging economies in Asia,"6-2, 2012, 122-142.

Journal Articles

“Globalization and Alfred D. Chandler’s modern (American) firm: an essay,” W. Mark Fruin, Journal of Management History, Vol. 15-3, 2009.

“Bringing the world (back) into international business,” Commentary, Journal of International Business Studies, 38-2, April 2007. (invited by Editor-in-Chief of JIBS)

“Good Fences Make Good Neighbors: Cooperation between Firms & Property Rights in Japan,” in J. Reppy, ed.,Secrecy and Knowledge Production , Peace Studies Program, Cornell University, Occasional Paper #22, Ithaca, N.Y.: October 1999.

“Cultural Alienation in Today's Multinational Work Arenas: Behavioral Fallout from Globalization,” in Practicing Anthropologist , 21-4, 1998, with M.Y. Brannen.

“Smart Cards and Product Development Strategies in the Electronics Industry in Japan,” IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management , 45-3 (Aug. `98).

“Top Down Production Management: New Trend in the Japanese Productivity-enhancement Movement,” Journal of Management & Decision Sciences , Vol. 18, 1997, with M. Nakamura.

“Prospects for Cooperation in the Asia Pacific Region: The A-CASH Hypothesis,” Asian Survey , 35-9, Sept. 1995.

“The Toyota Production System – Its Organizational Definition in Japan,” Keizai Kenkyu ( Economic Research ), 42-1, Winter 1991, with T. Nishiguchi.

*”The 200 Largest Industrial Enterprises in Japanese Business History,” Keiei Shigaku ( Business History ), 18-1, Summer 1984, with T. Yui.

“Pre-Corporate and Corporate Charity in Japan: From Philanthropy to Paternalism in the Noda Soy Sauce Industry,” Business History Review , 61-2, Summer 1982.

“The Firm as Family and the Family as Firm in Japan,” Journal of Family History , 5-4, Winter 1980, republished in Japanese in Chiho Kenkyu no Soshikaku, Tokyo, 1982.

“Peasant Migrants in the Economic Development of 19 th Century Japan,” Agricultural History , 54-2, April 1980.

*”The International Debate over Japanese-style Management: Its Meaning & a New Proposal,” Soshiki Kagaku ( Organizational Science ), 13-3, Fall 1979.

“The Japanese Company Controversy: Ideology and Organization in Historical Perspective,” The Journal of Japanese Studies, 4-2, Summer 1978.

“A Social Geography of Preindustrial Labor Migration in Japan: Tajima and Kurome Villages in the 19 th Century,”The Journal of Historical Geography, 4-2, Winter 1978.

*”The International Significance of the Meiji Restoration – The View from Overseas,” Rekishi Koron ( Historical Studies ), 3-1, January 1977.

*”The Countryside in Japan`s Early Industrialization,” Monthly Report – History of Japanese Management, October 1976.

“Sources for the Study of Population in Premodern Japan,” The Family in History Perspective, 7, Winter 1974.

“Farm Family Migration – The Case of Echizen in the 19 th Century,” Keio Economic Studies, 10, 1973.

Other Articles

“Organizational Knowledge in High Technology Environments,” Kudan Trends – Journal of the International Institute of Economic Studies , 4, Sept. 1996.

“Can Western Companies Implement Total Productivity Management?” TPM Newsletter , November 1995.

“New KID on the Block: UBC and NUS Establish New Partnership,” Asia Pacific Report, Institute of Asian Research, UBC, Fall 1994.

“Work Forms in Asia: Structure, Function, and Culture,” Asia Pacific Report , Institute of Asian Research, UBC, Spring 1994.

“Organization Design and the Institute of Asian Research,” Asia Pacific Report , Institute of Asian Research, UBC, Fall 1993.

“Research on Asia, Not Asian Research,” Asia Pacific Report , Institute of Asian Research, UBC, Spring 1993.

“The End of Area Studies Programs?” Asia Pacific Report , Institute of Asian Research, UBC, Fall 1992.

*”Cultural Diversity as a Strength of Japanese Management,” Management 21 , April 1991.

*Shingijutsu Donyu ni Gakkanteki (Optimism toward Technology Transfer and National Standards of Living)”Nihon Keizai Shimbun , Oct. 30, 1990.

*”The Japanese Development Factory,” TAM Quarterly, 5, Autumn 1986.  

*”Firm Life-Cycles in the United States and Japan: 100-Year Comparison,” Nikkei Business , 10-12, Dec. 1985.

“Shoyu from A to Z: The Beginning and the End of Soy Sauce,” The Japan Society of New York Newsletter , July 1985.

“Biotechnology in Japan: From Soy Sauce to Immunology,” Biotechnology in Japan Newsletter , 3-7, April 1985.

*”The Hidden Strength of Japanese is The Enterprise System,” Nihon Keizai Shimbun , March 16, 1985.

“Of Microcomputer Sales and Magazines in Japan,” Micronews , 42, January 1984.

“T/Maker Makes Inroads into the Japanese Market,” InfoWorld , Nov. 28, 1983.

“U.S. Leads Japan in Recreational Software,” InfoWorld , Sept. 19, 1983.

“Japan Lags Behind U.S. in Software Development,” InfoWorld , Sept. 12, 1983.

“To Beat IBM, Japan`s Makers Will Have to Act Immediately,” InfoWorld , May 23, 1983.

“The Epson Corporation – Printers & a Lot More, ” Micronews , 31 & 32, Jan.-Feb. 1983.

“Where are the Japanese?” Micronews , Dec. 30, 1982.

“Japanese Computer Makers Compete Worldwide,” Micronews , Nov. 29, 1982.

“Three Centuries of Kikkoman – Growing Pains and Organization Change I & II,” Soyfoods , August & September, 1982.

*”Japanese Spirit in Management – An Interview with the President of Kao Corporation,” Bungei Shunju , August 1982.

“Reindustrialization through Readaptation – Lessons from Japan?” The Japan Society of New York Newsletter , Feb. 1982.   Reprinted in The Asian Record , March 1982.

*”Kamigata Bunka and California Dreaming,” The Suntory Quarterly , Nov. 1981.

“Japanese Manufacturing Enterprises in the United States: How `Japanese` are They?” The Asian Record , August 1981; reprinted in Japanese in Gakujutsu Kokusai Koryo Sanko Shiryoshu , Meiji University, 54, July 1980.

*”The Appeal of the Edo Period in Japanese History: A Discussion with Mark Fruin, Akira Hayami, Thomas C. Smith, and Ronald Toby,” Shokun , 8-9, Sept. 1976; reprinted in Rekishi no Naka no Edo Jidai , Akira Hayami, ed., Tokyo, 1977.

Book Reviews

Journal of Law and Economics, Pacific Affairs, Journal of Japanese Studies, Journal of Asian Studies, Business History Review, Monumenta Nipponica, Journal of Family History, Executive Quarterly, Far Eastern Economic Review, Gulf Management Review, Sociology Review, Journal of Business History (in Japan), Japan Quarterly, IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, International Journal of Technology Management.

* in Japanese